Polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) is a food additive used primarily as an emulsifier in chocolate and other fatty foods. It is made by combining castor oil with glycerol, a natural compound found in fats and oils. PGPR helps to stabilize the fats and oils in chocolate, preventing them from separating and creating a smooth, creamy texture.
In addition to its use in chocolate, PGPR is also used in other food products, including baked goods, dairy products, and salad dressings. It is considered safe for consumption by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
While PGPR is generally considered safe, some people may be allergic to it or experience digestive issues after consuming it in large amounts. As with any food additive, it is important to consume PGPR in moderation and as part of a balanced diet.