Our ingredient glossary includes common protein powder ingredients, their purpose, and safety recommendations based on our research. Empowering you to make informed product choices is our goal. While we do provide a recommendation, you should always discuss using a new supplement with a healthcare professional.
Alkalized cocoa powder is a cocoa powder that has been treated with an alkalizing agent to reduce its acidity. It is often used in protein powders to add a chocolatey taste, particularly in vegan or plant-based protein powders.
Allulose is a low-calorie sweetener found naturally in some fruits. It's used as a natural alternative to sugar or artificial sweeteners in protein powders to enhance taste without adding extra calories.
Alpha-galactosidase is an enzyme that breaks down complex carbohydrates found in beans, lentils, and other foods. It can improve digestion and absorption of protein in protein powders, especially for those with difficulty digesting certain carbs.
Amaranth flour is made from a gluten-free pseudocereal and is rich in protein, fiber, iron, magnesium, and calcium. It's added to protein powders as a plant-based protein source and to boost the nutritional profile.
Apple fiber is a soluble fiber derived from apples that can help regulate digestion and promote feelings of fullness. It is commonly added to protein powders to improve texture and nutritional content.
Arabinogalactan, a complex carbohydrate found in plants, is used in protein powders due to its potential immune-enhancing properties, ability to stimulate beneficial gut bacteria, and support digestive health.
Aspartame, a low-calorie artificial sweetener, is used in protein powders, diet sodas, and other food and beverage products. It is made up of two amino acids and is approximately 200 times sweeter than sugar.
Astragalus root extract is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine and is believed to have immune-boosting properties. It may reduce inflammation, improve heart function, and enhance immune system function.
Bacillus coagulans is a type of probiotic bacteria that is believed to have various health benefits. It may improve digestive health, reduce inflammation, boost immune system function, and enhance athletic performance.
Barley grass is a nutrient-dense ingredient used in many protein powders due to its vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It may support digestion, boost immune system function, and reduce inflammation.
Beta-carotene, a pigment and a member of the carotenoid family found in plants, is a common ingredient in many protein powders. It promotes healthy vision, supports the immune system, and reduces the risk of certain chronic diseases.
Beta-glucan, a soluble fiber found in grains and mushrooms, is a common ingredient in protein powders due to its potential health benefits. It supports immune system function, promotes heart health, and improves blood sugar control.
Beta-sitosterol, a plant sterol found in nuts, seeds, and fruits, is commonly used in protein powders due to its potential health benefits. It promotes heart health, supports immune system function, and reduces inflammation.
Betaine, a natural compound found in various foods, is commonly used in dietary supplements due to its potential health benefits. It may support liver health, improve athletic performance, and reduce the risk of certain chronic diseases.
Bifidobacterium bifidum is a probiotic bacteria that is commonly used in dietary supplements for its potential benefits, including supporting digestive health, boosting the immune system, and improving nutrient absorption.
Bilberry extract, derived from the fruit of the bilberry plant, is a dietary supplement with potential health benefits, such as improving vision, reducing inflammation, and supporting cardiovascular health.
Bioflavonoids, a group of plant compounds with antioxidant properties commonly found in fruits and vegetables, are often included in protein powders to reduce inflammation, support cardiovascular health, and to improve immune function.
Black currant extract, derived from the black currant plant, is an antioxidant, and is commonly added to protein powders. It has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, and may help blood flow and reduce the risk of heart disease.
Bovine colostrum is a protein-rich supplement derived from the first milk of cows. It contains immunoglobulins that can boost the immune system and growth factors that promote tissue growth and repair.
Brown seaweed extract, derived from brown seaweed, is a common ingredient in protein powders due to its high antioxidant content. It has potential to aid in weight management, improve gut health, and reduce inflammation.
Calcium phosphate, is commonly added to protein powders as a mineral supplement. Calcium plays a crucial role in bone health, muscle contraction, and nerve function, while phosphorus is important for healthy bones, teeth, and metabolism.
Cellulase is an enzyme that breaks down cellulose in plant cell walls and is used in the food industry as a processing aid. It is also added to some protein powders to improve the bioavailability and digestibility of plant-based proteins.
Chlorella, a freshwater green algae, is used in protein powders due to its high protein content and beneficial nutrients. It has been studied for potential health benefits, including improved cholesterol levels, blood sugar control, and immune function.
Chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plants and algae, is used as a natural colorant in protein powders and marketed as a health supplement for potential benefits such as wound healing and reducing inflammation.
Cholecalciferol, also known as vitamin D3, is a fat-soluble vitamin important for bone health, immune function, and other health benefits. Cholecalciferol is commonly added to protein powders as a source of vitamin D.
Cocoa powder is derived from cocoa beans and is used in protein powders for its rich chocolate flavor and health benefits. It contains antioxidants and is a source of magnesium, which is important for muscle function and blood sugar control.
Creatine is a naturally occurring organic acid that supplies energy to muscle cells during high-intensity exercise. It is a popular ingredient in protein powders to improve athletic performance, increase muscle mass, and reduce muscle damage.
Curcumin is a natural compound found in turmeric that is believed to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It is sometimes added to protein powders to reduce muscle soreness and promote muscle recovery after exercise.
Dimethylpolysiloxane is a synthetic silicone-based polymer commonly used as an anti-foaming agent in some protein powders. It prevents foaming and ensures consistency during manufacturing, making it easier to mix and dissolve.
Echinacea purpurea extract is a supplement derived from a flowering plant native to North America, used to boost the immune system and alleviate cold and flu symptoms due to its anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects.
Ellagic acid is a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound found in certain fruits and vegetables, studied for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. It's included in some protein powders due to its potential health benefits.
Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are a prebiotic fiber naturally found in certain fruits and vegetables that are added to protein powders to support digestive health and improve gut function by stimulating the growth of beneficial gut bacteria.
Fucoxanthin, found in brown seaweed and marine organisms, is added to some protein powders as an antioxidant. It has potential anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity effects, reducing inflammation and promoting weight loss.
Fulvic acid, a naturally occurring organic acid found in soil and water, is added to some protein powders as a source of trace minerals and electrolytes. It can also have potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Glucosamine sulfate, a naturally occurring amino sugar found in shellfish and fungi, is used in some protein powders for its potential health benefits. It can act as a natural anti-inflammatory to reduce joint pain and inflammation.
Hyaluronic acid is a natural substance found in the body and is sometimes added to protein powders for its potential health benefits, including supporting overall health and well-being and improving skin health.
Hydroxyapatite is a naturally occurring mineral found in bone tissue and teeth, and it is sometimes added to protein powders for its potential health benefits. It is a source of calcium and phosphorus, which are essential minerals for bone health.
Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose is a modified form of cellulose found in plants and used as a thickening agent, emulsifier, and binder in various food and pharmaceutical products, including some protein powders.
Inositol is a naturally occurring carbohydrate found in many foods and sometimes added to protein powders. It is involved in neurotransmitter production, supports healthy liver function, improves insulin sensitivity, and aids in the breakdown of fats.
Iodine is a trace element essential for thyroid function, regulating metabolism, growth, and development. It may be added to protein powders as a nutritional supplement, particularly in plant-based sources which may be lower in iodine.
Kaempferol is a natural flavonoid with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, found in many plants. It can be added to protein powders to improve heart health, support the immune system, and reduce oxidative stress.
Lactase is an enzyme that breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose, making it easier to digest milk and dairy products. It can be added to protein powders as a digestive aid, especially for individuals with lactose intolerance.
Lactobacillus bulgaricus is a friendly bacteria used in foods. It can be added to protein powders as a probiotic to support gut health, improve digestion, boost the immune system, and maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut.
Lactoferrin is a protein found in milk, known for its antimicrobial properties and ability to transport iron. It may be added to protein powders to support immune function and overall health, as well as having anti-inflammatory properties.
Lycopene is added to protein powders as a supplement to support overall health and provide antioxidant protection. It can help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals, which can contribute to chronic diseases.
MCT powder is a dietary supplement that contains medium-chain triglycerides, which are metabolized differently than other dietary fats. It is used to support weight loss, increase energy and athletic performance.
Monk fruit extract is a natural, calorie-free sweetener derived from the monk fruit. It is used in protein powders as a sugar substitute to enhance the taste without adding extra calories or carbohydrates.
Niacinamide, a form of vitamin B3, is included in protein powders due to its involvement in energy production, DNA synthesis, and cellular repair. It supports healthy skin, reducing fine lines, wrinkles, redness, and improving skin elasticity.
Octacosanol is a plant-based ingredient that is often used in protein powders to enhance physical performance and endurance. It may enhance oxygen uptake, and reduce oxidative stress and inflammation, improving recovery.
Synonyms: Fruit pectin, Apple pectin, Citrus pectin, Vegetable pectin
Pectin is a soluble fiber found in fruits and vegetables and is commonly used in protein powders as a thickener. It also has potential health benefits, including promoting digestive health, reducing cholesterol, and supporting blood sugar levels.
Phosphatidic acid (PA) is a phospholipid found naturally in the human body and certain foods. It's used in protein powders to promote muscle growth and athletic performance by stimulating the mTOR signaling pathway.
Phosphatidylserine (PS) is a phospholipid found in high concentrations in brain tissue. In protein powders, it's used to support cognitive health, improve athletic performance, and reduce muscle soreness and fatigue.
Potassium chloride is a naturally occurring mineral salt used as a substitute for table salt and in protein powders as a source of potassium, which can help support healthy muscle function and reduce the risk of high blood pressure.
Potassium phosphate is a food additive found in many processed foods and used in protein powders as a buffering agent to control pH levels and provide phosphorus, which plays a key role in bone growth, energy production, and DNA synthesis.
Protease is an enzyme that breaks down protein molecules into smaller peptides and amino acids, and is naturally found in the body and many foods. It's added to protein powders to aid in digestion and absorption.
Psyllium husk powder is a soluble fiber derived from the seeds of the Plantago ovata plant. It may be added to protein powders to increase fiber content and promote fullness, regulate bowel movements, and improve digestive health.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride, also known as vitamin B6, is an essential water-soluble vitamin that plays a role in many physiological processes in the body. It may be added to protein powders to increase their vitamin B6 content.
Quillaja extract, derived from the Chilean soapbark tree, is a natural substance used in protein powders as an emulsifier and foaming agent. It helps to create a smooth texture and creamy protein shakes that are easier to consume.
Resveratrol, a natural compound found in plants, is added to protein powders due to its potential health benefits, including improving heart health and reducing inflammation. It may also improve exercise performance and reduce muscle damage.
Ribonuclease is an enzyme that is sometimes added to protein powders to aid in the digestion and absorption of protein, potentially increasing the bioavailability of dietary protein and improving protein synthesis.
Ribose is a naturally occurring sugar in the body that plays a role in energy metabolism. It is sometimes added to protein powders to help improve athletic performance and reduce muscle fatigue by increasing ATP production in the body.
Silicon dioxide is a natural compound found in quartz, sand, rocks, and soil. It is used as an anti-caking agent in protein powders to prevent clumping, and as a stabilizer and thickener in food products.
Sodium ascorbate is a form of vitamin C that is added to protein powders to boost their nutritional value. It helps maintain a healthy immune system, supports collagen production, and acts as an antioxidant.
Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) is a food additive derived from cellulose that is added to protein powders as a thickener, stabilizer, and emulsifier. It improves texture, prevents clumping, and enhances stability.
Sodium caseinate (otherwise known as casein) is a milk-derived protein that is often used in protein powders due to its high protein content. It is a slow-digesting protein that provides a sustained release of amino acids into the bloodstream.
Spirulina is a blue-green algae used in protein powders for its high protein content and nutrient density, particularly for vegans and vegetarians. Potential benefits include improved immune function and reduced inflammation.
Steviol glycosides are a low-calorie sweetener extracted from Stevia rebaudiana plant leaves, commonly used in food and beverage products as an alternative to sugar for people with diabetes or watching their weight.
Tocopherol, a type of vitamin E, acts as an antioxidant in the body, protecting cells from damage caused by free radicals. It may also have other health benefits, such as reducing the risk of heart disease and certain cancers.
Tricalcium phosphate (TCP), a calcium salt, is commonly used as a nutritional supplement and food additive. It is added to protein powders as a source of calcium, essential for bone, muscle, nerve and cell functioning.
Synonyms: Sodium citrate tribasic, Citric acid trisodium salt
Trisodium citrate, a salt derived from citric acid, is often used as a food additive and buffering agent. It is added to protein powders to regulate acidity levels, improve stability and enhance flavor.
Tribulus terrestris is a plant commonly used as a natural supplement to enhance athletic performance. It may work by increasing testosterone levels, but the evidence supporting its effectiveness is limited.
Turmeric extract is a natural supplement containing curcumin, known for its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It is commonly added to protein powders due to its potential health benefits, such as reducing inflammation.
Uridine is a naturally occurring nucleoside that is found in all living organisms. It plays a key role in the synthesis of RNA and DNA, two molecules that are essential for the proper functioning of cells.
Uva ursi, also known as bearberry, is commonly used in traditional medicine for its potential health benefits. It is often included in protein powders and herbal supplements for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects.
Vanilla extract is a natural flavoring agent derived from the vanilla bean and is commonly used in protein powders and supplements. Vanilla extract contains antioxidants that may help protect the body from damage caused by free radicals.
Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) are a prebiotic fiber found in plant-based foods. XOS are added to protein powders as a dietary fiber to promote beneficial bacteria growth, improve digestive health, mineral absorption, and immune function.
Xylose is a natural monosaccharide found in plants and can be used as a sweetener or flavor enhancer in protein powders and food products. It has a slightly sweet taste similar to glucose but is not as sweet as other sugars.
Zinc oxide is used in protein powders as a source of zinc, which plays a role in protein metabolism and immune function.
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