Butyrate is a short-chain fatty acid that is produced naturally in the colon as a byproduct of the fermentation of dietary fibers. It is also found in foods such as butter, ghee, and cheese. Butyrate has been added to some protein powders because of its potential to improve gut health and reduce inflammation.
In the gut, butyrate plays an important role in maintaining the health of the intestinal lining, reducing inflammation, and regulating the immune system. It also acts as an energy source for the cells in the colon, helping to maintain their function and prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.
Butyrate supplements are generally considered safe, although there is limited research on their long-term safety.