Acacia gum, also known as gum arabic, is a natural soluble fiber derived from the sap of the Acacia Senegal tree. It is commonly used as a thickener, emulsifier, and stabilizer in a variety of food and beverage products, including protein powders. Acacia gum can also be used as a prebiotic, as it can promote the growth of beneficial gut bacteria.
In terms of safety, acacia gum is generally considered safe for consumption by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). However, individuals with a history of allergic reactions to acacia gum or other tree-derived products should use caution when consuming it.
Additionally, some people may experience digestive discomfort or bloating when consuming high amounts of acacia gum. It is recommended to start with small doses and gradually increase intake to minimize potential digestive issues.